Problems with the larynx (voice box) generally present as hoarseness. Other common symptoms include Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), throat pain, chronic cough, shortness of breath, or the sensation of a lump in the throat.
There are many laryngeal disorders that can cause these symptoms. Some of the common problems diagnosed by the Otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist) include infectious laryngitis, laryngopharyngeal reflux (stomach acid reflux), vocal cord polyps or cysts, vocal cord paralysis, vocal cord ulcers, larynx cancer, and age-related changes.
Usually, a fiber optic camera is used to visualize the larynx and aid in the diagnosis. Treatment for the laryngeal disorder will depend upon the cause.
If hoarseness or any of the above symptoms lasts for two weeks or more, evaluation by an Otolaryngologist is essential to diagnose the cause of the problem.